Sage, a market leader in cloud accounting software has called on the Australian tech community to take responsibility for the ethical development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for business. Publishing ‘The Ethics of Code: Developing AI for Business with Five Core Principles,’ Sage highlighted a set of values which it recommends the tech community should focus on as we embark on the 4th industrial revolution.
‘The Ethics of Code: Developing AI for Business with Five Core Principles,’ were established while Sage was building its own machine learning and AI program which is specifically designed to reduce financial admin for business builders, from start-up to enterprise.
Kriti Sharma, VP of Bots and AI explains: “Building chatbots and AI that helps our customers is the easy part – the wider questions that the rising tide of AI bring are broad and currently very topical. Because of this, we developed our AI within a set of guiderails, these are the core principles that we believe help us to ensure our products are safe and ethical.”
“The ‘Ethics of Code’ are designed to protect the user and to ensure that tech giants, such as Sage, are building AI that is safe, secure, fits the use case and most importantly is inclusive and reflects the diversity of the users it serves. As a leader in AI for business we would like to call others to task – big businesses, small business and hackers alike – and ask them to bear these principles in mind when developing or deploying their own Artificial Intelligence.“
‘The Ethics of Code: Developing AI for Business with Five Core Principles’
1. AI should reflect the diversity of the users it serves
Both industry and community must develop effective mechanisms to filter bias as well as negative sentiment in the data that AI learns from – ensuring AI does not perpetuate stereotypes.
2. AI must be held to account – and so must users
Users build a relationship with AI and start to trust it after just a few meaningful interactions. With trust, comes responsibility and AI needs to be held accountable for its actions and decisions, just like humans. Technology should not be allowed to become too clever to be accountable. We don’t accept this kind of behaviour from other ‘expert’ professions, so why should technology be the exception.
3. Reward AI for ‘showing its workings’
Any AI system learning from bad examples could end up becoming socially inappropriate – we have to remember that most AI today has no cognition of what it is saying. Only broad listening and learning from diverse data sets will solve for this.
One of the approaches is to develop a reward mechanism when training AI. Reinforcement learning measures should be built not just based on what AI or robots do to achieve an outcome, but also on how AI and robots align with human values to accomplish that particular result.
4. AI should level the playing field
Voice technology and social robots provide newly accessible solutions, specifically to people disadvantaged by sight problems, dyslexia and limited mobility. The business technology community needs to accelerate the development of new technologies to level the playing field and broaden the available talent pool.
5. AI will replace, but it must also create
There will be new opportunities created by the robotification of tasks, and we need to train humans for these prospects. If business and AI work together it will enable people to focus on what they are good at – building relationships and caring for customers.
Sage’s Australian Country Vice President, Alan Osrin said: “Australians have always valued egalitarianism and we need to ensure that ethos is carried into the virtual world. Whether you are selling pizza or accounting software, AI and bots are likely to have an increased role in the future of your business. It’s incumbent on the developers of this technology to ensure it does not discriminate and that it reflects the diversity of our population.”
Leading by example
Sage has been leading the financial accounting revolution with the launch of its chatbot, Pegg. Designed with the intention of freeing customers from mundane admin that prevents them from focusing on higher value tasks, and boasting 100% compliance with Sage’s own core AI principles – Pegg acts as a smart assistant for small businesses, enabling users to track expenses and manage finances through popular messaging apps like Facebook Messenger and Slack. Pegg now has tens of thousands of users across 135 countries worldwide.